(1.)Which answer identifies a main idea from the “Greek Governments” informational reading? 1.The Athenian model of government always recognized the rights of its citizens, regardless of their wealth. 2. The Athenian model of government came to recognize the rights of all free male citizens to have a say in their governance. 3.The Athenian model of government distributed power evenly between three branches of government. 4. The Athenian model of government depended on the leadership of a single ruling family. (2.) Which answer identifies a supporting idea from the “Greek Governments” informational reading? 1. Women and the enslaved did not have a voice. 2. Athens could not thrive agriculturally because the soil quality was poor. 3.The economy in Athens thrived because it was on a trade route. 4. The poet Homer didn’t live to see democracy take root in Athens. (3.) Which answer most accurately identifies evidence that reveals Lincoln’s purpose in the ‘Address Delivered at the Dedication of the Cemetery at Gettysburg”? 1. ‘Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and dedicated, can long endure.’ 2. ‘We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live.’ 3. ‘. . . that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom. . . .’ 4.’But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate—we can not consecrate—we can not hallow—this ground.’ (4.) Read the excerpt from Lincoln’s “Address Delivered at the Dedication of the Cemetery at Gettysburg.”It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced.Which answer best identifies the author’s purpose in the excerpt? 1. recognize that some people believed the deaths of the soldiers served no purpose 2. recognize that the fallen soldiers have an enormous impact on the religious beliefs of the living 3. show that the living have a responsibility to ensure that the dead are treated respectfully 4.show that the living have a responsibility to honor the fallen soldiers by honoring their cause (5.) Which answer best identifies a passage in the “Greek Governments” informational reading in which the author attempts to connect two ideas? 1. ‘The Athenians realized that they needed farmers to feed them and laborers to keep society moving, and the government must be fair to everyone, or civilization in general would suffer.’ 2. ‘Athens is known as the first recorded instance of democratic rule, but the city-state was not born a democracy.’ 3. ‘He erased the debt of the poor and gave them a voice in electing the lesser council of landowners.’ 4. ‘The Athenian democracy eventually developed into a three branch system controlled by male citizens of Athens.’ (6.)Which answer most accurately describes the descriptive organizational pattern as it is used in informational texts? 1. notes the similarities and differences between two ideas, events, people, things, or courses of action 2. uses appeals to the reader’s senses to help the reader experience the essay’s topic 3. notes the occurrence of an event or effect; then traces the causes that led to this event or effect 4. uses a list to order the steps in a process or record events in chronological order (7.)Which answer best identifies a difference between the organizational patterns used in the following speeches: Lincoln’s “Address Delivered at the Dedication of the Cemetery at Gettysburg” and ‘Pericles’s Funeral Oration” by Thucydides. 1. the use of the cause/effect organizational pattern to show how the soldiers’ contributions help to stabilize a democratic society 2. the use of the comparison/contrast organizational pattern to show how their society’s governments are superior to others’ 3. the use of the sequential organizational pattern to explain the grieving process to the soldiers’ families 4. the use of the analytical organizational pattern to examine the reasons why burial grounds were dedicated to the fallen soldiers (8.)What is the best way to classify the tone of ‘Pericles’s Funeral Oration”? 1. celebratory 2. grateful 3.regretful 4. imaginative (9.)Which answer identifies a passage from ‘Pericles’s Funeral Oration” that helps establish the author’s empathetic tone? 1.’. . . to establish by manifest proof the merit of these men whom I am now commemorating.’ 2. ‘For it is difficult to say neither too little nor too much; and even moderation is apt not to give the impression of truthfulness.’ 3. ‘Mankind are tolerant of the praises of others so long as each hearer thinks that he can do as well or nearly as well himself. . . .’ 4. ‘I know how hard it is to make you feel this, when the good fortune of others will too often remind you of the gladness which once lightened your hearts.’ (10.) Read the excerpt from Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s “Four Freedoms” speech. To that new order we oppose the greater conception—the moral order. A good society is able to face schemes of world domination and foreign revolutions alike without fear. Which option best identifies the connotative meaning of the underlined word? 1. a society that has military strength 2. a society that is morally upright 3. a society that is economically strong 4. a society that is technologically advanced (11.)Which option best identifies the author’s use of formal language to appeal to an audience of congressmen who question the practicality of his ideas? 1. ‘That is no vision of a distant millennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation. That kind of world is the very antithesis of the so-called ‘new order’ of tyranny which the dictators seek to create with the crash of a bomb.’ 2. ‘. . . translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants. . . .’ 3. ‘Freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere. Our support goes to those who struggle to gain those rights and keep them. Our strength is our unity of purpose.’ 4. ‘. . . a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor. . . .’ (12.)Which option provides the evidence that would be most helpful in supporting the following conclusion? In the “Four Freedoms” speech, President Roosevelt suggests that other countries would be more peaceful if they adopted American ideals. 1. ‘The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way—everywhere in the world.’ 2. ‘. . . a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor—anywhere in the world.’ 3. ‘The world order which we seek is the cooperation of free countries, working together in a friendly, civilized society.’ 4. ‘This nation has placed its destiny in the hands and heads and hearts of its millions of free men and women, and its faith in freedom under the guidance of God. Freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere.’ (13.)Read the excerpt from Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s “Four Freedoms” speech: Since the beginning of our American history we have been engaged in change, in a perpetual, peaceful revolution, a revolution which goes on steadily, quietly, adjusting itself to changing conditions without the concentration camp or the quicklime in the ditch. Which option identifies the best inference one could reach based on the information in the passage? 1. President Roosevelt believes that Americans have never acted inhumanely towards their opponents. 2. President Roosevelt believes that cultures that resist change and diversity will inevitably falter. 3. President Roosevelt believes that the American model for change is the only one that will work. 4. President Roosevelt believes that cultures that have concentration camps welcome cultural change.
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