Discuss the influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships (9+16 marks) Bowlby in 1969 proposed the internal working model which suggested that early childhood experiences would determine the adult relationships that child would have in the future

Discuss the influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships (9+16 marks) Bowlby in 1969 proposed the internal working model which suggested that early childhood experiences would determine the adult relationships that child would have in the future

 

Discuss the influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships (9+16 marks) Bowlby in 1969 proposed the internal working model which suggested that early childhood experiences would determine the adult relationships that child would have in the future. Infants primary attachment style is carried through into adult life so would expect the same expectations in later relationships. Shaver et al suggested three behavioural systems that are acquired in infancy which are attachment which is related to Bowlbys research, care giving where infants learn to care for each other through modelling the behaviour of the primary attachment figure and sexuality systems which is learnt in relation to early attachment so an individual with avoidant attachment will be more likely to hold the view that sex without love is pleasurable. In some extreme cases a childs internal working model leads them to develop an attachment disorder which means they would resist or reject the mutual intimacy of loving family relationships. Often these disorders occur due to abuse and neglect during infancy which has led to them not developing a close relationship with someone who can comfort and reassure them. Springer et al. in 2007 found that individuals who experience physical abuse have negative effects on adult psychological functioning; they are more likely to report depression and anxiety than non-abused individuals. In terms of sexual abuse, research has shown that those individuals find it most difficult to from healthy relationships in adulthood. When experience of both kinds of abuse occurs in early childhood, Alpert in 1998 found that the ability to trust people is damaged and there is a sense of isolation from others. Fraley in 1998 conducted a meta analysis of studies between childhood experiences and adult relationships and found correlations of 0.10 to 0.50 (?), reason being perhaps that insecure-anxious attachment is more unstable. However the certainty over the stability…; Discuss the influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships (9+16 marks) Bowlby in 1969 proposed the internal working model which suggested that early childhood experiences would determine the adult relationships that child would have in the future. Infants primary attachment style is carried through into adult life so would expect the same expectations in later relationships. Shaver et al suggested three behavioural systems that are acquired in infancy which are attachment which is related to Bowlbys research, care giving where infants learn to care for each other through modelling the behaviour of the primary attachment figure and sexuality systems which is learnt in relation to early attachment so an individual with avoidant attachment will be more likely to hold the view that sex without love is pleasurable. In some extreme cases a childs internal working model leads them to develop an attachment disorder which means they would resist or reject the mutual intimacy of loving family relationships. Often these disorders occur due to abuse and neglect during infancy which has led to them not developing a close relationship with someone who can comfort and reassure them. Springer et al. in 2007 found that individuals who experience physical abuse have negative effects on adult psychological functioning; they are more likely to report depression and anxiety than non-abused individuals. In terms of sexual abuse, research has shown that those individuals find it most difficult to from healthy relationships in adulthood. When experience of both kinds of abuse occurs in early childhood, Alpert in 1998 found that the ability to trust people is damaged and there is a sense of isolation from others. Fraley in 1998 conducted a meta analysis of studies between childhood experiences and adult relationships and found correlations of 0.10 to 0.50 (?), reason being perhaps that insecure-anxious attachment is more unstable. However the certainty over the stability…

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