Who of the following people is most likely to develop stress-related illness? Susan, who lives alone but volunteers at the local skilled nursing home two times per month John, who lives with two good friends from high school Jaime, who lives with a quiet roommate, belongs to a big family, works for a growing company, and is described as a very “sociable” guy by all who know him

Who of the following people is most likely to develop stress-related illness?
Susan, who lives alone but volunteers at the local skilled nursing home two times per month
John, who lives with two good friends from high school
Jaime, who lives with a quiet roommate, belongs to a big family, works for a growing company, and is described as a very “sociable” guy by all who know him

 

1)
Lazarus’s findings on hassles suggest that the effects of stress are
cumulative.
mutually exclusive.
specific to different domains
inversely related to the number of demands.
2)
Whether or not an event is stressful is most likely to depend on
how much physiological arousal it causes.
how much change there is.
how one appraises and adapts to the event.
whether one is prepared for the event.

3)
One challenge faced by members of ethnic minorities in dealing with everyday discrimination is that manifestations of such discrimination are often
imaginary.
ambiguous.
minor.
consistent.
4)
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale was designed to measure
frustration
all kinds of stress.
change-related stress.
the anxiety produced by certain events.
5)
Research with the Social Readjustment Rating Scale has shown that people with higher scores
are less susceptible to stress.
know from experience how to handle stress.
tend to have pessimistic outlooks on life.
are vulnerable to physical and psychological problems.

6)
Current research indicates that
positive change is typically more stressful than negative change.
only negative change is stressful.
we have little reason to believe that change is inevitably stressful.
all change is inevitably stressful.

7)
Whenever others expect you to conform to their expectations or perform in certain ways, you tend to experience
anger.
conflict
frustration.
pressure.
8)
Which of the following researchers designed a scale to measure pressure as a form of life stress?
Albert Bandura
Thomas Holmes
Neil Miller
Wayne Weiten
9)
Psychologists study responses to stress at which of the following levels?
Behavioral
Emotional
Physiological
All of these
10)
The fight-or-flight response occurs in the
cerebral cortex.
parasympathetic division of the limbic system.
sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system
synaptic vesicles in the brain.
11)
The fight-or-flight response is a reaction that begins in response to a threat. This is a(n) _________ reaction.
involuntary
voluntary
unusual
cultural
12)
The general adaptation syndrome is a
general coping strategy for dealing with stress.
severe stress-related psychological disorder.
set of bodily responses to stress.
physiological-based solution for stressful problems.
13)
Mounting evidence from research indicates that stress may ______ the functioning of the immune system.
stimulate
destroy
suppress
enhance
14)
Research reveals that stress often contributes to the onset of which of the following?
Depression
Schizophrenia
Eating disorders
All of these
15)
Posttraumatic stress disorder involves
immediate reaction to stressful war experiences.
stress reactions in anticipation of a traumatic event.
psychological disturbance due to the experience of a major traumatic event.
psychotic reactions to chronic stress, which emerge after one leaves the stressful environment.
16)
Psychosomatic diseases are
common reactions to single traumatic events.
psychological disturbances associated with burnout.
imaginary physical ailments caused by psychological factors.
genuine physical ailments caused partly by psychological factors.
17)
The school of modern psychology that was developed to offset the perceived emphasis in psychology on pathology and suffering is called
psychodynamic psychology.
behaviorism
positive psychology.
coping psychology.
18)
Who of the following people is most likely to develop stress-related illness?
Susan, who lives alone but volunteers at the local skilled nursing home two times per month
John, who lives with two good friends from high school
Jaime, who lives with a quiet roommate, belongs to a big family, works for a growing company, and is described as a very “sociable” guy by all who know him
Dora, who lives alone, works from her home, and prefers to keep to herself
19)
The best way to approach self-modification is to focus on _____ rather than _____.
specific behaviors; personality traits
personality traits; specific behaviors
infrequent responses; specific behaviors
personality traits; typical responses
20)
The best way to increase response strength in self-modification is through
positive reinforcement.
finding a reward effective for that person.
choosing a readily available reinforcer.
all of these
21)
negative reinforcement.
control of antecedents.
punishment
any of these.
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